Detail of Antonia’s hands weaving a belt.
In a weaving the warp runs up and down in the vertical direction. (The weft, seldom, visible in an authentic Andean weaving, will cross back and forth, from right to left, then left to right.)
In Andean weavings the warp threads are set so close to each other that the weft (the back and forth horizontal yarn) does not show; the pattern will be created out of the vertical warp threads. This technique is called “warp pickup.”
Weavers in Chinchero use sticks for creating patterns from warp yarns. Villages in the Andes have developed a great variety of weaving techniques which interest textile researchers.